After the Supreme Court’s decision, a number of states made legal sports betting available in 2022. In New Hampshire, retail and online betting launched in December 2019. There are now about two dozen NJ sportsbooks. DraftKings, FanDuel, Caesars and BetRivers are among the operators.

Despite their long history of opposition to gambling, the leagues see themselves as primary stakeholders in legal sports betting and seek a mechanism for profiting from it, ideally via a share of all wagering revenue. This quest has supplanted the integrity fee as the leagues’ preferred way to shape US policy. Official data mandates have become the newest front in their efforts to shape state and federal legislation.

As for the specific rules of official betting, the FA prohibits any person who is associated with a club at lower levels of the men’s or women’s league systems from engaging in any betting activity. This includes players, coaches and club directors. Match officials at FA Level 4 and below are also banned from betting.

Texas legislators introduced two new bills in January, but a ballot initiative could appear on the November 2024 ballot if nothing gets resolved this year. Neighboring Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt has a different plan that would allow in-person sports betting at tribal casinos and online wagering through state-licensed platforms. However, he would require that operators pay a tax on the money wagered. This is a major sticking point for the tribes. They don’t want to give up any of their tax breaks.